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[20120115. Complications of EMR/ESD (10): Perforation (2) - Frank perforations]

Perforation의 sign은 아래와 같다. 물론 아무 sign도 없을 수 있다.

1. Severe pain during the EMR procedure

2. Most perforations are not detected during the procedure.

3. Prominent abdominal distention immediately after the procedure

4. Free air on chest X-ray taken after the procedure.

5.Persistent abdominal pain after EMR

[Cases of frank perforation]

2012년. 60세 여성.